Frantz FANON
Paulette NARDAL
Price MARS
Jacques-Stephen ALEXIS
Léon-Gontran DAMAS
Edouard Jacques MAUNICK
Saint-John PERSE
Maximilien LAROCHE
Aude-Emmanuelle HOAREAU



{La Guadeloupe se prépare à accueillir le 1er Congrès International des Ecrivains de la Caraïbe du mardi 25 au vendredi 28 novembre 2008. Un vrai pari, vu l'océan de diversalité que représentent les plumes en plein envol de notre région du monde...}

Many oblique attempts have been made to marginalize Indians in (Guyana) in terms of their contribution to the literary culture in the macro Caribbean milieu.

Several times, prominent personalities have similarly made sniping remarks in the Caribbean with the same kind of snide message. In a more covert manner in the USA, whether intentional or otherwise, organizations, radio, television and colleges are portraying the Caribbean people as Blacks with only an African culture.

Examples on the internet, on television Caribbean Classroom, Caribbean Dancehall, and others.

Within the Caribbean the 'others' are being constantly bombarded with cultural indignity and identity insults brought about by being declared invisible people.

The perception that is inculcated is real, and denies the reality that the Caribbean is plural in make-up, having people who are Amerindians, Chinese, Portuguese, Whites, Indians and Mixed.

While it is indeed true that Blacks predominate in the overall Caribbean landscape, it is however a fact that in Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad there is a majority of Indians in the population.

For historical reason (that is obvious), Blacks got a head start in the education system, and eventually became the police, civil servants, teachers and professionals. But in the course of time, other peoples found niches within these spheres of activities.

And this must be recognized as a matter of fact, rather than tangentially denied.

As an example, why is it that in a review by Stewart Brown in the Globe and Mail of 'All Are Involved: The Art of Martin Carter' many poets, writers, and authors from the Caribbean are listed, and only one Indian (David Dabydeen) mentioned and given recognition?

The others are: Aimé Césaire, Derek Walcott, Nicholas Guillen, John Agard, Kamau Brathwaite, Stewart Brown, Fred D'Aguiar, Kwame Dawes, Michael Gilkes, Wilson Harris, Roy Heath, Kendel Hippolyte, Louis James, Linton Kwesi Johnson, Eusi Kwayana, George Lamming, Ian McDonald, Mark McWatt, Mervyn Morris, Grace Nichols, Gordon Rohlehr, Andew Salkey.

While these individuals are quite worthy, surely there should be at least gracious mention of the many other Caribbean personalities in literature.

Are there no other Indians in the Caribbean?

Is David Dabydeen the 'token' Indian? Does the reviewer not know of the many Indians who are well recognized and documented in the field of literature?

Something is amiss here!

Thus it is that the compilation of the Indo-Caribbean writers is being motivated (as one aspect of the Indo-Caribbean Arts & Culture
Workshop Series,a collaboration between the Association of Artists & Writers, Inc. and The Rajkmuari Cultural Center, New York) to draw attention….

The project aims to document Indo-Caribbean poets/writers/authors, as well as work about the Indo-Caribbeans. Articles in newspapers, magazines and learned journals are not considered at this time.

Obviously, these will be too numerous.

The list is not complete and will continue to be a work in progress.

Your input for updates are welcome.

Thank you

{{Gary Girdhari}}

PHOTO : L'écrivain guyanien David Dabydeen
Voir [ICI->]


Sugar without Slaves. The Political Economy of British Guiana, 1838-1904. New Haven & London: Yale Univ, 1972.

ALI, Edwin: Guyana/America
The Rise of the Phoenix in Guyana's Turbulent Politics. Printed in the USA. 1997

ALI, Edwin: Guyana/America
Muslims in America After the Catastrophic Tragedy of 9/11. Printed in the USA. 2002.

ALI, Riad Trinidad & Tobago
A Distant Amber. Self-published. Freeport, 1993.

ARJUNE, Frank, Guyana/America
The Guyana Exodus. Carlton Press, 1995

AUTAR, Seori, Guyana/America, Poet and Writer

BACCHUS, M. K.: Guyana/Canada
Education for Development or Underdevelopment? Guyana's Educational System and its Implications for the Third World. Ontario, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. 1980.

BAKSH, Ishmael Trinidad & Tobago
Black Light. Self-published. Canada, 1989.

BALDEOSINGH, Kevin Trinidad & Tobago, novelist, critic and Chief Judge of the Commonwealth Prize for Literature

The Autobiography of Paras P.

Paras P. is the most correct person in Trinidad & Tobago, shown by the popularity of his Centre of Correctness. This candid autobiography illustrates how Paras' whole life has been geared to being "proper," from early days learning the Queen's English to life as the most upright of politicians. Pity that Paras never noticed the laughter and ridicule permeating all the tapes he has of his doings... Full of wit and wisdom, The Autobiography of Paras P. is a tongue-in-cheek glimpse into the life of one man who honestly believes he is the last bastion of morality in Trinidad & Tobago. (Heinemann blurb) Oxford: Heinemann, 1996.

BALKARAN, Lal, Guyana/Canada
- Managerial Control Techniques. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants: London, 1989
- Professional Accounting and Business Programmes: Effective Study and Examination Techniques. LBA Publications: Toronto, 1995, Revised 1999
- Handbook of Global Professional Accounting Programmes. LBA Publications: Toronto, 1996
- Directory of Global Professional Accounting and Business Certification Programmes. LBA Publications: Toronto, 1996, Revised 2001
- Handbook of Global Professional Business Programmes. LBA Publications: Toronto, 1997
- Accountants and Related Professionals; Reciprocal Memberships and Peer Acceptance. LBA Publications: Toronto, 1997
- Through Faith & Luck: The Story of an East Indian Family in Guyana. LBA Publication: Toronto. 1999.
- Dictionary of the Guyanese Amerindians and other South American Native Terms. LBA Publications: Toronto, 2002
- Bibliography of Guyana & Guyanese Writers, 1596-2004. LBA Publications, Toronto. 2004

The New Slavery: An Account of the Indian and Chinese Immigrants in British Guiana. London. 1897

Bereton, Bridget and Winston Dookeran (ed.)
East Indians in the Caribbean: Colonialism and the Struggle for Identity. Kraus, New York, 1982

BHAGIRATHEE, Jang B. Trinidad & Tobago/America
Let's Go Trinidad. A historical novel. New York. 2003

BHAGWANDIN, Balwant, Guyana/America
- Wild Flowers. IUniverse, Inc. 2001
- I hear guyana cry. iUniverse. 2003

BHAGWANDIN, Dhanraj, Guyana/America
Georgetown Spies. Inside Pub. 1995

BIRBALSINGH, Frank Guyana/Canada
- Indo-West Indian Cricketers. Hansib. 1988. (with Clem Seecharran)
- Passion and Exile: Essays in Caribbean Literature. [London: Hansib, 1988].
- Jahaji Bhai - An anthology of Indo-Caribbean Literature. (Editor) Toronto: TSAR, 1988.
-Indenture and Exile: The Indo-Caribbean Experience. (Editor) Toronto: TSAR, 1989.
- Frontiers of Caribbean Literature in English. (Editor) New York: St. Martins Press. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1996
- Indo-Caribbean Resistance. TSAR. Toronto, 1993
- Novels and the Nation: Essays in Canadian Literature. TSAR, Toronto, 1995
- The Rise of West Indian Cricket: From Colony to Nation. Hansib, London, 1996
- From Pillar to Post: the Indo-Caribbean Diaspora. Toronto: TSAR, 1997

BISNAUTH, Dale, Guyana
The Settlement of Indians in Guyana 1890-1930. Paperback (January 2001). Peepal Tree Pr Ltd; ISBN: 1900715163

BISSOONDATH, Neil Trinidad & Tobago/Canada
.Neil Bissoondath was born in Arima, Trinidad & Tobago, in 1955 and emigrated to Canada in 1973. He is the nephew of V.S. Naipaul and the late Shiva Naipaul.
.Digging Up the Mountains. (Stories) Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1985. [New York] Viking [1986].
.A Casual Brutality. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1988. London: Bloomsbury, 1988. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1989.
.On the Eve of Uncertain Tomorrows. (Stories) Toronto: Lester & Orpen Dennys, 1990. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1991.
.The Innocence of Age. Toronto: Knopf, 1992.
vSelling Illusions: The Cult of Multi-Culturalism in Canada. Toronto: Penguin, 1994.

BISSUNDYAL, Churaumanie Guyana/America, Novelist, poet, playwright and critic; winner of the Vera Rubin Residency Award.
- Whom the Kiskadees Call. Leeds, Yorkshire: Peepal Tree, 1994.
- Labaria Puraan, Paddy Sheaves Books. Georgetown. 1995.
- The Game of Kassaku. GEICA. New York. 2002.
- The Players of Kasaku. Unpublished.Completed. 2002. New York
- The Drums of Kassaku. Unpublished. Completed. 2002. New York
- Glorianna, Self Published. 1976
- The Cleavage. Self Published. 1986
- The Presence. A Roopnandan Singh Publication. Georgetown. 1997
- The Ritual. Paddy Sheaves Books. New York. 2000
- Lotus in the Mud. Paddy Sheaves Books. 2000
- Trick and The Rajah. Guyana. 1986
- From Ganges to Demerary. Guyana. 1988.
- Migrant Error. Guyana. 1989.
- I is a Jumbie. Guyana. 1989
- Mad No Hell. Guyana. 1990
- Hello Eldorado. Guyana. 1990
- Disco Dulahin. Guyana. 1990.
- Brooklyn Raani. Guyana. 1990
- From Palos to Guanahani. Guyana. 1991
- The Ritual, Paddy Sheaves Books. New York. 2000

BOODHOO, I.J. (Isaiah James) Trinidad & Tobago
Between Two Seasons. Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1994.

Camacho-Gingerich,Alina (ed): USA
Coping in America: The Case of Caribbean East Indians. GEICA, New York.2002

Chinapen, Jacob W; Guyana, Guyanese poet
Albion Wilds

Clark, Colin
East Indians in a West Indian Town, San Fernando, Trinidad 1930-1970. Allen and Unwin. London. 1986

DABYDEEN, Cyril Guyana/Canada, poet and novelist since in the seventies; poet laureate at the University of Ottawa
- Poems in Recession. 1972.
- Distances. (Poems) [Vancouver] Fiddlehead Poetry Books, 1977.
- Goatsong. (Poems) Ontario: Mosaic Press/Valley Editions, 1977.
- Heart's Frame. (Poems) 1977.
- This Planet Earth. (Poems) 1979.
- Still Close to the Island. (Poems & Stories) Ottawa: Commoner's Publishing, 1980.
- Elephants Make Good Stepladders. (Poems) Ontario: Third Eye, 1982.
- Islands Lovelier Than a Vision. (Poems) Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1986.
- Glass Forehead. Vesta Publications, 1987.
- A Shapely Fire: Changing the Literary Landscape. Ontario: Mosaic Press, 1988.
- To Monkey Jungle. (Short stories) Ontario: Third Eye, 1988.
- Coastland. (Poems) 1989.
- Dark Swirl. Leeds, Yorkshire: Peepal Tree Press, 1989.
- The Wizard Swami. Leeds, Yorkshire: Peepal Tree Press, 1989.
- Jogging in Havana. (Short stories) Ontario: Mosaic Press, 1992.
- Sometimes Hard. London: Longman, 1994.
- Born in Amazonia. (Poems) Ontario: Mosaic Press, 1995.
- Berbice Crossing and Other Stories. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1996.
- Stoning the Wind. (Poems) Toronto: TSAR, ????.
- Black Jesus and Other Stories. Toronto: TSAR, 1996. Inbook, 1997. (Paperback)
- My Brahmin Days and Other Stories. Toronto: TSAR, 2000.
- North of the Equator. Beach Holme Pub. 2001
- DRUMS OF MY FLESH. TSAR Publications. 2005

DABYDEEN, David Guyana, poet and novelist; winner of the Commonwealth Prize for Literature; winner of the Guyana Prize for Literature
- Slave Song. (Poems) Dangaroo Press, 1984.
- Coolie Odyssey. (Poems) Hansib, London. 1988
- Handbook for Teaching Caribbean Literature. Heinemann, 1988.
- A Reader's Guide to West Indian and Black British Literature. Hansib, ???? Dangaroo Press, ????
- The Intended. (Novel) London: Secker & Warberg, 1991.
- Disappearance. London: Secker & Warberg, 1993.
- The Counting House. London: Secker & Warburg, 1996.

DABYDEEN, David and Brinsley SAMAROO (ed.)
Across the Dark Waters. Ethnicity and Indian Identity in the Caribbean. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1996

DABYDEEN, David and SAMAROO, B. (eds), Guyana & Trinidad
Indian in the Caribbean. Hansib. London. 1987

DABYDEEN, Sally Ramage, Guyana/UK
- UK Steel Industry & International Trade (2004), iUniverse Publishers.
- Civil Liberties in England and Wales (2004), iUniverse Publishers.
- Legal and Regulatory Framework for Business in the UK (2004), iUniverse Publishers.
- An Introduction to Intellectual Property (2004), iUniverse Publishers.

DAS, Mahadai: Guyana, poet since in the seventies

DEODANDAN, Raywat: fiction writer, winner of the guyana prize for literature

DEPOO, T. (Ed): Guyana
The East Indian Diaspora. New York. 1993

Twentieth-Century Caribbean Literature. Routledge. 2006

DOODNATH, Samuel, Trinidad & Tobago
- From India to Trinidad & Tobago: Asha kidnapped. Self-published. San Fernando, 1987.
- Santiago and Kumar: first love fulfilled. Self-published. Siparia, 1989.

DYAL, Karr, Guyana/America
Sculptures, Paintings and Drawings. 2000

East Indian cane Workers in Jamaica. PhD Thesis. University of Michigan. Ann Arbor. 1970

ESPINET, Ramabai, Trinidad & Tobago/Canada
The Swinging Bridge. A Novel. Harper/Phyllis Bruce Book. 2003

GIBSON, Kean, Guyana
The Cycle of Racial Oppression in Guyana. Univ. Press of America. 2003

GIRDHARI, Gary: Guyana, writer and poet
- Guyana Journal, since 1996 (editor & publisher). New York
- Education in Guyana with special reference to Science and technology, University of Guyana. 1977
- Reflections: On Politics, Human Conditions and Good Memories, 1998. New York

GIRDHARRY, Arnold R: Guyana/America
1. The Geometry of Marriage in Henry James. Ann Arbour: UMI, 1982.
2. Marriage for Sale: Three One-Act Plays. New York: Geneva Book, 1984.
3. Poetry of Psycho-realism. Notre Dame: Foundations, 1984
4. Country of New England: A Collection of Poems. Bristol, IN: Bristol Banner Books, 1991.
5. The Wounds of Naipaul and the Women of India. Acton, MA: Copley, 2003
6. An Anthology of Caribbean Literature. Acton, MA: Copley, 2003
7. Anthology of Caribbean Literature. Second Edition. Acton, MA: Copley, 2006
8. The Indian and Indo-Guyanese Diaspora: A British Default. Acton, MA: Copley, 2006.

GOPAL, Madan M., Guyana
Politics, Race, and Youth in Guyana. Edwin Mellen Press. 1992.

GOPAUL, Nanda, Guyana
Resistance and Change. The Struggle of Guyanese Workers (1961-1991) with Emphasis on the Sugar Industry. 1997.
Inside News Publications Inc., NY.

GOSINE, Mahin: Trinidad & Tobago/America
- East Indians and Black Power in the Caribbean: The Case of Trinidad. Africana Research Press, 1986
- Caribbean East Indians in America: Assimilation, Adaptation and group Experience. New York: Windsor Press. 1990
- The Coolie Connection (Ed). From the Orient to the Occident. (Ed). Windsor Press. 1992
- The East Indian Odyssey: Dilemma of a Migrant People. (Ed). Windsor Press. 1994
- Sojourners to Settlers: Indian Immigrants in the Caribbean and the Americas (with Dhanpaul Narine, eds)

GOSINE, Mahin, MALIK, Dipak and MAHABIR, Kumar: Trinidad & Tobago/America
The Legacy of Indian Indenture: 150 Years of East Indians of Trinidad. 1995. 267 pp. ISBN 0-9689-818-74
This book consists of a wide range of papers on the East Indian presence in Trinidad and to some extant Guyana from a sociological, political, historical and anthropological perspective. The themes include migration, the influence of Madan Mohan Malaviya, Mahatma Gandhi and Cheddi Jagan, Political Pluralism, Hindi, Women Laborers, Indian Culinary Dishes and the Indian use of Marijuana.

GOSINE, V. Ramsamooj: Trinidad & Tobago
The Coming of Lights. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1992.

GYANCHAN, Rayman: Guyana, poet


HASSAN, Dolly Z.: Guyana/America
V.S. Naipaul and the West Indies

Hollett, David
Passage from India to El Dorado : Guyana and the Great Migration. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. December 1999. ISBN: 0838638198

HOSEIN, Clyde: Trinidad & Tobago
The Killing of Nelson John and Other Stories. London, Ontario: London Magazine Editions, 1980

ISHMAEL, Odeen Guyana/America
- Problems of the Transition of Education in the Third World - The case of Guyana, UMI, Ann Arbor. 1990.
- Towards Education Reform in Guyana, New Guyana Co., Georgetown, 1993
- Amerindian Legends of Guyana. Wisconsin: Artex Publishing, 1995.

ITWARU, Arnold: Guyana/Canada
Shanti. London: Peepal Tree Press, 1988.

JAGAN, Cheddi: Guyana
- The West on Trial. Michael Joseph, 1966 et seq
- Forbidden Freedom. Hansib, 1954, 1994
- Race, Class and Nationhood. 1991 (with Moses Nagamootoo)
- The USA in South America. Hansib. 1998. (Edited by David Dabydeen)
- The Caribbean: Whose backyard
- The Caribbean Revolution
- A New Global Human Order. 2001· Harpy. ISBN 0-9684059-2-4

JAGAN, Janet: Guyana
- When Grandpa Cheddi Was a Boy. Leeds: Peepal Tree, 1993.
- Patricia the Baby Manatee and Other Stories. Leeds: Peepal Tree, 1995.

JAGAN-BRANCIER, Nadira: Guyana/Canada
Cheddi Jagan - My Fight For Guyana's Freedom - with reflections on my father

JAILALL, Peter: Guyana/Canada, a leading Guyanese poet since in the seventies
- This Healing Place and Other Poems. Natural Heritage/Natural History Inc. 1993
- Yet Another Home. Toronto: Natural Heritage/Natural History Inc. 1997
- When September Comes. Natural Heritage. Toronto. 2003

The Coolie: His Rights and Wrongs. London. 1871

KAHALIDEEN, Rosetta: leading Guyanese poet since in the sixties

KALLICHARRAN, Laxhmie: Guyana, poet, writer
Hear the Gungrus Sing. Shraadanjali Pub. 1992

KANHAI, Cyrill: Guyana, leading Guyanese poet since in the fifties.

KANHAI, Rohan: Guyana/UK
Blasting for Runs. London: Souvenir Press, 1966.

KARRAN, Kampta: Guyana, poet, literary critic in the Caribbean

KEMPADOO, Oonya: Guyana
Oonya Kempadoo was born in England of Guyanese parents in 1966. She was brought up in Guyana. She has lived in Europe and various islands of the Caribbean. At the time Buxton Spice was published, she was living in Grenada.
Buxton Spice. London: Phoenix House [1998]. New York: Dutton, 1999.

KEMPADOO, Peter [pseudonym Lauchmonen]: Guyana
- Guiana Boy. Crawley: New Literature (Publishing) Ltd., 1960.
- Old Thom's Harvest. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1965.

KHAN, Ismith: Trinidad & Tobago
- The Jumbie Bird. London: MacGibbon and Kee, 1961. London: Longman, 1974. 1985.
- The Obeah Man. London: Hutchinson, 1964. Toronto: TSAR, 1995.
- The Crucifixion. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1987.
- A Day in the Country and Other Stories. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1994.

KHEMRAJ, Harischandra: Guyana, winner of the Guyana prize for Literature
Cosmic Dance. Leeds: Peepal Tree, 1994.

KISSOON, Freddie: Trinidad, playwright since in the sixties

KLASS, Morton: America
- East Indians in Trinidad: A study of cultural persistence. New York: Columbia. 1961
- East Indians in Trinidad. Illinois: Waveland Press. 1988

KUMAR, Kesh: Guyana/Canada
the face that smiles and other poems

LA GUERRE, John Gaffar: Trinidad & Tobago
- Calcutta to Caroni: The East Indians of Trinidad. New York: Longman. 1974
- Basdeo Panday: A Political Biography. 2000. ii +272 pp. ISBN 976-8160-82-9
This study focuses on the early socializing influences on Basdeo Panday, his decision to turn his back on the prospect of an academic career, his plunge into working class politics, and the vicissitudes of his role as a Leader of the Opposition under a Westminster model of government. It also focuses on his various attempts to navigate the ethnic trenches and his ascension to power in 1995 as Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago.

LADOO, Harold Sonny: Trinidad & Tobago
Harold Sonny Ladoo was born and brought up in Trinidad & Tobago. He emigrated to Canada where he first published No Pain Like This Body. He died in 1973.
- No Pain Like This Body.
Set in a Hindu community in the eastern Caribbean, No Pain Like This Body describes in vivid, unsentimental prose the life of a poor rice-growing family. Their struggle to cope with illness, a drunken and unpredictable father, and the violence of the elements is set against a sharply drawn village community. (Heinemann blurb)
Toronto: Anansi, 1972.London: Heinemann, 1987.
- Yesterdays. Toronto: Anansi, 1974.

Lawrence, K. O. & K. O. Laurence
A Question of Labour: Indentured Immigration into Trinidad and British Guiana 1875-1917. Palgrave. May 1994.

MAHABIR, Dennis J.: Trinidad & Tobago
The Cutlass is not for Killing. New York: Vantage, 1971.

MAHABIR, Kumar: Trinidad & Tobago
The Still Cry: Personal Account of the East Indians in Trinidad and Tobago during Indentureship (1845-1917). 1985. 191 pp ISBN 0-91166-03-5. Calaloux Publications. Distributed locally by Chakra.

The reports of five, surviving ex-indentured immigrant laborers are recorded verbatim to read like an epic poem. A woman, a Madras emigrant, a Muslim, a Brahmin and a cocoa/rubber estate worker narrate the conditions of life in village India when they left, the trauma of crossing the Kala Pani (Black Water), and the experience of adjusting to a new life among strangers under a driver and overseer on the plantation ranges of the New World.

Medicinal and Edible Plants used by East Indians of Trinidad and Tobago, Chakra Pub. House.1991, 2000. Thin book contains valuable information on sixty-five local plants, each of which is described and given a botanical name. Their medicinal uses include arthritis, diabetes, high blood pressure, headaches, strokes, impotence, sterility, ulcers and skin infections.

East Indian Women of Trinidad and Tobago: An Annotated Bibliography with Photographs and Ephemera. Chakra Pub. House. 1992. vi + 846 pp. ISBN 976-8012-78-5. This book is lb. first in the Caribbean, which provides information on 236 successful Indian women. 130 carefully chosen photographs, some of which are in color, accompany the 218 annotated references.

Caribbean East Indian Recipes. Chakra. 1992. Reprinted 2001. 129 pp. ISBN 976-8012-75-7

This cookbook represents a comprehensive collection of over 70 traditional vegetarian recipes. They have been handed down by indentured immigrants from India by word-of-mouth and practical example for over four generations. From delightful snacks to dinner-party specials - each recipe has been kitchen-tested and, therefore, meets a high standard of accuracy. Some of the dishes are beautifully illustrated in color to tempt your appetite

MAHABIR, Kumar and MAHABIR, Sita: Trinidad & Tobago
A Dictionary of Caribbean Trinidad Hindi. 1990. Third Impression 44 pp. Chakra Pub. House.

This illustrated dictionary contains more than 1200 Indo/Hindi items, which were in common usage in the plural society of Trinidad and Tobago at the time of collection. The items had entered the Trinidad Creole by the process of cultural diffusion.

MAHARAJ, Ashram B.: Trinidad & Tobago
Indo-Trinidad & Tobagoian Folk Tales in the Oral Tradition. Beucarro, Trinidad & Tobago: Indian Review Committee, 1990.

MAHARAJ, Clement: Trinidad & Tobago, died in 1995
The Dispossessed.
This first novel grew from the world of indentured sugar plantation workers. Arriving from India in 1917, their labor and the labor of future generations made their island rich but left them poor, far from home, and despised by native islanders. From the guaranteed work on the estates, the laborers were forced to move on, to survive in a hostile world not knowing where the next day's bread would come from. This is the story of their lives, their resilience and their ultimate survival. (Publisher's blurb) Oxford: Heinemann, 1992.

MAHARAJ, Devant Parsuram: Trinidad & Tobago, Writer and Author. Social, Religious, Political, and Cultural columnist

Hostile & Recalcitrant: Bhadase Sagan Maharaj. Maha Sabha Publications. 2001. (edited with Ramlakhan, Rajnie and Maharaj, Pundit Bhadase Seetahal.). The Biography and Selected Parliamentary Speeches of the earliest Indian and Hindu Leader in Modern Trinidad & Tobago.

Tulsi Das 500th Anniversary: A review of Sant Tulsi Das and the impact of the Ramayana in Hindu Trinidad.

MAHARAJ, Rabindranath: Trinidad & Tobago
The Writer and his Wife and Other Stories. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1996.
'Interloper" was shortlisted in the Commonwealth Prize for Literature
The Lagahoo's Apprentice. Alfred Kpnoff

MAHESH, Robert: Guyana/America. Author and Poet
A Pilgrimage to the Place of His Birth in Guyana. 1994

MALIK, Yogendra: Trinidad & Tobago
East Indians in Trinidad: A study of minority politics. London and New York: Oxford University Press. 1971

MANGRU, Basdeo: Guyana
- Benevolent Neutrality: Indian Government Policy and Labour Migration to British Guiana 1854-1884. Hansib, 1987.
- Indenture and Abolition: sacrifice and survival on the Guyanese sugar plantations. Toronto: TSAR. 1993
- A History of East Indian Resistance on the Guyana Sugar Estates, 1869-1948. Edwin Mellen Press New York. 1996
- Indians in Guyana: A Concise history. Adams Press, 1999, 2000
- The Elusive El Dorado. Essays on the Indian Experience in Guyana. Univer Press of America. 2005

MANOO-RAHMING, Leewattee: Trinidad & Tobago
Curry Flavor

MANUEL, Peter Lamarche: America
East Indian Music in the West Indies: Tan-Singing, Chutney, and the Making of Indo-Caribbean Culture with CD (Audio). Temple University Press

MISIR, Prem: Guyana/America
- Workers' Participation in Management: Case of Nationalized Enterprises in Guyana, 2nd Ed. New Delhi, India: reliance Publishing House. 1995
- Leadership Behavior and the Compliance Structure in Education: A Sociological Study of Ideology and Social Change in Guyana. Caribbean Diaspora Press, Inc. 1998
- Ethnic Cleavage and Closure in the Caribbean Diaspora. Caribbean Diaspora Press, Inc

MOHAMED, Nazer: Trinidad & Tobago
The End is Not Yet. Self-published. Curepe, 1985.

MOHAMMED, Sharlow: Trinidad & Tobago
- Apartheid Love. Trinidad & Tobago, 1982.
- Requiem For A Village. Trinidad & Tobago, 1982.
- The Elect. Leeds, Yorkshire: Peepal Tree Press, 1992.

MOHAN, Peggy : Trinidad & Tobago
- Jahajin, 2008

MONAR, Rooplall: Guyana, winner of the Guyana Prize for literature
- Backdam People. Leeds, Yorkshire: Peepal Tree Press, 1987.
- Janjhat. Leeds, Yorkshire: Peepal Tree Press, 1989.
- High House and Radio. Leeds, Yorkshire: Peepal Tree Press, 1992.
- Estate People. Guyana: Roraima, 1994.

MOORE, Dennison: Trinidad & Tobago
Origins and Development of Racial Ideology In Trinidad: The Black View of the East Indian
1995. Chakra. 880 pp. ISBN 971-8052-26-0
Racism bedevils most societies in the world today. The book explores the Marxist perspective in the Capitalist mode of production and the role of the Church in the development of Racial Ideology in Trinidad. The methodology used provides an example for the study of racial ideology in other countries of the world.

MOOTOO, Shani:
Out on Main Street and Other Stories. Vancouver,B.C.: Press Gang Publishers, 1993.

MOTEELALL, Taij Kumarie: Guyana/America, poet

MUNIRAM, Hemraj: Guyana, fiction writer

NAGAMOOTOO, Moses: Guyana, novelist, poet and journalist
- Hendree's Cure: Scenes from Madrasi Life in a New World. Peepal Tree Press (UK), 2000.
- Anthology of Revolutionary Poems. (Edited) New Guyana Co. Ltd. 1976
- The Three Trials of Arnold Rampersaud: a true story narrative. New Guyana Co. Ltd. 1978
- Race, Class and Nationhood (with Cheddi Jagan). New Guyana Co. Ltd. 1991
- Fraud (a Synopsis of Guyana's 1980 Elections). New Guyana Co. Ltd. 1980
- Paramountcy over the Media in Guyana. New Guyana Co. Ltd. 1992
- The Way Forward - Towards a Political Solution In Guyana. New Guyana Co. Ltd. 1998

NAIDU, Janet A.: Guyana/Canada, poet since in the seventies
- Winged Heart. Greenheart. 1999
- Rainwater. Greenheart. 2005

NAIPAUL, Balkrishna: Trinidad & Tobago/Toronto
- Anc On The Horizo, 501 pages. Xlibris.2002.
- Legends of the Emperor's Ring, 503 pages. Xlibris. 2003.

NAIPAUL, Seepersad: Trinidad & Tobago
Gurudeva and Other Indian Tales. Trinidad & Tobago: Privately printed, 1943. London: André Deutsch, 1976.

NAIPAUL, Shiva: Trinidad & Tobago
- Fireflies. London: André Deutsch, 1970.
- The Chip-Chip Gatherers. London: André Deutsch, 1973.
- Love and Death in a Hot Country. New York: Viking, 1983.
- North of South. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1983.
- Beyond the Dragon's Mouth: Stories and Pieces. 1984
- An Unfinished Journey. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1986.

NAIPAUL, V.S.: Trinidad & Tobago, winner of the Nobel Prize
- The Mystic Masseur.
This is the story of Ganesh Ramsumair's success: of how, if he had not been so unappreciated as a teacher he would never become a masseur; of how, if he had not lacked talent as an ordinary masseur he would never have blossomed into a mystic one. Such a topsy-turvy success story could only have taken place in Trinidad & Tobago. (Heinemann blurb) London: André Deutsch, 1957. London: Hinemann, 1971.
- The Suffrage of Elvira. London: André Deutsch, 1958.
Miguel Street. The author's first book, but third published. A collection of stories. London: André Deutsch, 1959. London: Hinemann, 1974.
- A House for Mr. Biswas. London: André Deutsch, 1961.
- Mr. Stone and the Knights Companion. London: André Deutsch, 1963.
- The Mimic Men. London: André Deutsch, 1967.
- A Flag on the Island. London: André Deutsch, 1967.
- The Loss of El Dorado. 1969
- In a Free State. London: André Deutsch, 1971.
- Guerrillas. London: André Deutsch, 1975.
- A Bend in the River. London: André Deutsch, 1979.
- The Enigma of Arrival. London: André Deutsch, 1987.
- A Way in the World. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.

NANCOO, Stephen E., Robert S. Nancoo and Stephen N. Nancoo: Guyana/Canada
Indo Caribbean Canadians, Who's Who, Profiles of Achievements. Canadian Educators' Press, 100 City Centre Drive, Box 2094, Mississauga, Ontario Canada, L5B 3C6.

NARAIN, Denise Decaires (Editor): Trinidad & Tobago
Contemporary Caribbean Women's Poetry: Making Style (Routledge Research in Postcolonial Literatures). Library Binding - 272 pages (December 28, 2001). Routledge; ISBN: 0415218128

NARAYAN, Ongkar: Guyana/Canada
Welcome to a New Guyana. Keysha Publishers. Canada.1996

NARINE, Dhanpaul: Guyana/America
Sojourners to Settlers: Indian Immigrants in the Caribbean and the Americas (Ed, with Mahine Gosine)

NARAIN, Harry:
Grass-Root People. Cuba: Casa de las Americas, 1981.

NARINE, Harricharan: Trinidad & Tobago
Days Gone By. Self-published. Mayaro. 1975.

NATH, Dwarka: Guyana
A History of Indians in Guyana. Self-published, London: Nelson. 1950

ORIE, Siddhartha L: Trinidad, travel writer
Guyana: A Tour Guide. Trinidad & New York. 1993

PERSAUD, Harry McD.: Guyana/America
Collection of Short Stories (Amerindians and Travel)

PERSAUD, Joseph S.: Guyana/America
Across Three Continents. An Indo-Guyanese Family Experience. Palm Tree Enterprises Publisher. 2002

PERSAUD, Krishna: Guyana, poet since in the sixties

PERSAUD, Lakshmi: Trinidad & Tobago/UK
- Butterfly in the Wind. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1990.
- Sastra. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1993.
- Raise The Lanterns High. Black Amber Book 2004

PERSAUD, Parbattie: Guyana, poet since in the seventies

PERSAUD, Randolph B., Guyana/America
Counter Hegemony and Foreign Policy. State University of New York Press. 2001. 273pp.

PERSAUD, Sasenarine: Guyana/Canada/USA
- Dear Death. Leeds, Yorkshire: Peepal Tree Press, 1989.
- The Ghost of Bellows Man. Leeds, Yorkshire: Peepal Tree Press, 1992.
- A Surf of Sparrows' Songs : A Poemanjali. Toronto: Tsar Publications, 1997.
- Canada Geese and Apple Chatney (Stories). Toronto: TSAR, 1998.
- The Hungry Sailor. TSAR Press, Toronto, Canada. 2000.

PERSAUD Thakoor: Guyana
Conflicts Between Multinational Corporations and Less Developed Countries: The Case of Bauxite Mining in the Caribbean With Special Reference to Guyana. Hardcover. June 1980. Ayer Co Pub; ISBN: 0405133782

PREMDAS, Ralph R.: Guyana
Ethnic Conflict & Development: The Case of Guyana

RAMAGE (Dabydeen), Sally: Guyana/UK
An Introduction to Intellectual Property. iUniverse. 2004
Legal and Regulatory Framework: For Business in the UK. iUniverse. 2004
Fraud - The Company Law Background. iUniverse. 2006

RAMESSAR, Marianne S
Survivors of another Crossing: A History of East Indians in Trinidad, 1880-1946. MacMillan, London, 1996

RAMHARACK, Baytoram (ed): Guyana/America
Centenary Celebration of the Arrival of Indians to British Guiana (1838-1938). By The British Guiana East Indian Association (BGEIA). Chakra Publishing House. 2001
AGAINST THE GRAIN: Balram Singh Rai and the Politics of Guyana. Chakra Publishing House. 2005

RAMHARACK, Roopram: Guyana/America
Growing up Guyanese. 1994

RAMCHAND Kenneth: Trinidad & Tobago
- An introduction to the study of West Indian literature. 183 pages. Nelson Caribbean; ISBN: 0175660581
- Critical Perspectives on Wilson Harris. Hardcover (June 1986). Passeggiata Press; ISBN: 0914478974
- The West Indian novel and its background. 295 pages. Faber; ISBN: 0571088252; Heinemann; ISBN: 0435986651

RAMKEESOON, Peter: Trinidad & Tobago
Sunday Morning Coming Down. Port-of-Spain: Scope Publishing, 1975. Trinidad & Tobago: L.A Toby and Scope, 1991.

RAMNARINE, Devanand: Guyana/Canada/America
- The Political Economy of the US Caribbean Basin Recovery Act (1984). Queen's university at Kingston: Donor Canadian Foundation .Project on Sovereignty and Security, 1989, 95pp.
- The Politics of the US Congressional Approval Process in the Passage of the Caribbean Basin Initiative. Queen's university at Kingston: .Donor Canadian Foundation Project on Sovereignty and Security, 1989, 66pp.
- Toward a New beginning: Report of the Four-Level Government Inquiry into the Condition of racial Minorities in Toronto. Co-authored by 8-member committee, 1993. 125pp.

RAMPHAL, John Kuar Persaud: Guyana/USA
V.S. Naipaul's Empty Chapel. Sugarcane Publishing/XLibris. 2003

RAMRAJ, Robert: Guyana/America
GUYANA. Population, Environments, Economic Activities. Printed in the USA. 2003

RAMSARAN, W: Trinidad/Canada
- Novel: THE SURROGATE, published by Vantage Press, Inc. New York 1986. ISBN 0-533-0-6097-4
- Non-fiction: THE WORLD INSIDE, published by the Author 2002. ISBN 09730557-0-07 Printed in Canada by Aditek Design and Printing.
- A book of Poems: A WELLSPRING OF POEMS, published by the Author 2002. ISBN 0-9730557-1-5 Printed in Canada by Aditek Design and Printing.
- Non Fiction: A THOUSAND ARGUMENTS, published by the Author 2002. ISBN 0-9730557-2-3 Printed in Canada by Aditek Design and Printing.
- Novel: EMBRYO CHILD, published by the Author 2003. ISBN 9730557-3-1 Printed in Canada by Aditek Design and Printing.
- Novel: THE SPIRIT OF CHARLIE, published by the Author 2003. ISBN 0-9730557-4-X Printed in Canada by Aditek Design and Printing.
- Novel: DARK WATERS, published by the Author 2004. ISBN 0-9730557-5-8

RAUF, Mohammad A.: Guyana
Indian Village in Guyana: A Study of Cultural Change and Ethnic Identity

RUHOMAN, Peter: (ed) Guyana
Centenary History of the East Indians in British Guiana 1838-1938. East Indian 150th Anniversary Committee. 1988

SADEEK, Sheik: Guyana
- Song of the Sugarcanes. Guyana: Privately printed, 1975.
- The Malali Makers. Guyana: Privately printed, 1979.

SALLUHUDDIN: Guyana/America
- Guyana: The Struggle for Liberation 1945-1992. Guyana. Georgetown, 1994
- Labour at the Crossroads. New Guyana Company. 1992.

SAMAROO, Brinsley et al. (ed.)
In Celebration of 150 years of the Indian Contribution to Trinidad and Tobago. Arima, Trinidad, 1995

SAMPATH Nelson, Emmanuel (ed.)
The Literature of the Indian Diaspora. Greenwood Press, Connecticut. 1992.

SEECHARAN, Clem: Guyana/UK
- Tiger in the Stars: The anatomy of Indian achievement in British Guiana, 1919-1929. London: Macmillan. 1997
- Indian and the Shaping of the Indo-Guyanese Imagination, 1890s-1920s. Leeds: Peepal tree. 1993
- Bechu: 'bound coolie' radical in British Guiana, 1894-1901, with an introductory essay by Basdeo Mangru. University of the West Indies Press, Kingston, Jamaica. 1999.
- Indo-West Indian Cricketers. Hansib. 1988. (with Frank Birbalsingh)
- Joseph Ruhomon's India: The Progress of her people at home and abroad, and how those in British Guiana may improve themselves. (Ed) University of the West Indies Press, Trinidad. 2001
- ... Sweetening "Bitter Sugar": Jock Campbell's British Guiana, 1934-1966. (In press).

SELVON, Samuel: Trinidad & Tobago (1924-1994)
- A Brighter Sun. London: Allan Wingate, 1952. Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1985.
- An Island is a World. London: Allan Wingate, 1955. Toronto: TSAR, 1993. London: TSAR, 1994.
- The Lonely Londoners. London: Allan Wingate, 1956. Toronto: TSAR, 1991.
- Ways of Sunlight. London: MacGibbon and Kee, 1957. Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1985.
- Turn Again Tiger. London: MacGibbon and Kee, 1958. London: Heinemann, 1979.
- Hear Thunder. London: MacGibbon and Kee, 1963.
- The Housing Lark. London: MacGibbon and Kee, 1965.
- A Drink of Water. London: Nelson, 1968.
- The Plains of Caroni. London: MacGibbon and Kee, 1970. Toronto: Williams-Wallace Publishers, 1985.
- Those Who Eat the Cascadura. London: Davis-Poynter, 1972. Toronto: TSAR, 1990.
- Moses Ascending. The second of Selvon's novels about West Indians in Britain, this is the entertaining sequel to The Lonely Londoners. (Heinemann blurb) London: Davis-Poynter, 1975. London: Heinemann, 1984.
- Moses Migrating. London: Longman, 1983. Essex: Longman Drumbeat, 1983.
[Washington, DC] Three Continents Press [1992]. (Hardcover and trade paperback). Includes a new preface by the author.
- Highway in the Sun. (Plays) ????.
- Eldorado West One. (Plays) Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1988.
- Foreday Morning: Selected Prose (1946-1986). [Essex] Longman [1989].

SHARMA, PD: Guyana

SHEWCHARAN, Narmala: Guyana
Tomorrow is Another Day. Leeds: Peepal Tree, 1994.

SIEWAH, Samaroo (ed): Trinidad & Tobago
Lotus and the Dagger: The Capildeo Speeches (1957-1994). Foreword by Dr John La Guerre
1994. Chakra. 800 pp. ISBN 970-8186-20-0
This volume carries 45 speeches of Simbhoonath Capildeo, Dr Rudranath Capildeo, former Members of Parliament and Senator Surendranath Capildeo. Interviews with contemporaries of the Capildeo complement the volume. It is illustrated with an elaborate appendix.

SIEWAH, Samaroo and ARJOONSINGH, Sattie (Eds): Trinidad & Tobago
Basdeo Panday: The Making of a Prime Minister. Selected Speeches (1976-1996)
Foreword by Daurius Figueira. Introduction by Dennis Brown. 1996. Chakra. 700 pp.
The compilation on Mr. Panday covers the period 1976-1995 as Parliamentary Opposition Leader and 1996 - as Prime Minister. Among the themes included are Politics in a Multi-Ethnic Democracy, Regional and International Relations, Multiculturalism sad the Mass Media.

SIEWAH Samaroo and MOONILAL Roodal (Eds): Trinidad & Tobago
Basdeo Panday: An Enigma Answered. A First Volume of Speeches. Foreword by Dr. John La Guerre.
1991. Second Impression. Chakra. 560 pp. ISBN 976-8001-78-I
This volume contains 58 speeches spanning the period 1966-~991. It is classified under themes such as Economies, Constitutionalism, Caribbean Integration, Ideological Pluralism, Race Relations, Trade Unionism and Politics. Photographs and cartoons as well as newspaper clipping accompany the text.

SIEWAH, Samaroo and RAMPERSAD-NARINESINGH, Indira (Eds): Trinidad & Tobago
Basdeo Panday: Man in the Middle. A Second Volume of Speeches. Foreword by Dr. Dennison Moore, Queen's University, Canada. 1996. Chakra. 980 pp. ISBN 976-8102-83-8
Thin companion volume contains 62 speeches form 1972-1995. Some of the themes include Youth and Women, Mass Media1 Caribbean Heroes and Heroines, Education, Economies, Law and Society.

Rich People and Rice: Factional politics in rural Guyana. Lieden: Brill. 1980

SINGH, Chaitram: Guyana
Guyana: Politics in a Plantation Society (Politics in Latin America). Hardcover. 1988. 175 pages. Praeger Pub Text; ISBN: 0275929892

SINGH, Dharanjit: Trinidad & Tobago/America
Secrets of the Universe. New York. 1997

SINGH, Hari P.: Trinidad & Tobago
The Indian Struggle for Justice and Equality against Black Racism in Trinidad & Tobago; 1956-1962. Trinidad: Indian Review Press. 1993

SINGH I J Bahadur (ed.)
Indians in the Caribbean. Sterling Publishers, Delhi. 1987. 424 pages. Apt Books, Incorporated. 1987.

SINGH, Jagdish R.: Guyana/Canada
Earthly Tribulations. PublishAmerica. Baltimore. 2003
Pandora's Heartaches. 2005

SINGH, Karna: Guyana, writer and poet

SINGH, Karna and STEPHANIES, George
"The Feast and Festivities of Mother Kali."

SINGH Paul: Guyana
Guyana: socialism in a plural society

SINGH, Kit Puran: Trinidad & Tobago
Saraswatee: A Novel of India. Seattle: Madrona Publishers, 1982.

SINGH, Naresh: Guyana/America
Sustainable Livelihoods. Kumarian Press, 2001. (with Kristin Helmore)

SINGH, Pritha: Guyana, writer, playwright and poet
"Fireflies" (a collection of poems)
Woman of the Mahabharat. 2000. 2001. New York

SINGH, Rajkumarie: Guyana, leading Guyanese poet since in the fifties.

SINGH, Ronald: Guyana/America
Fragrance of a Desert Rose: A Book of Poems. International Development Consultants. 1997

SINGH, Roopnandan: Guyana
- The Thorn in the Rose. 1994
- Eve. 1995
- Sky Dance. 1997
- Roll Play. 1998
- Shadow in the Dark. 2000
- Eternal Quest. 2000

SINGH, Seopaul: Guyana, writer and poet
Changing Moods. Collection of poems. (In press). 2002

SIRJU, Mohan: Trinidad & Tobago
So Let It Be. Toronto: Dovann Publishing Company, 1972.

The East Indian Indentureship System in Jamaica, 1845-1917. PhD Dissertation. University of Waterloo, Canada. 1980

SOOKDEO, Neil A.: Trinidad & Tobago
Freedom, Festivals and Caste in Trinidad after Slavery: A Society in Transition. 2001. 346 pp. ISBN 1-4010-1768-1
Published by Xlibris Corporation, USA. Distributed locally by Chakra.
This book is about slavery, free labor and racism; it is also about racism. The chapters include information about the journey aboard the "coolie" ships from India, Trinidad in the nineteenth century, immigration and the demands of the plantation economy, education in the colony, colonial elites, Carnival, and the 1884 Hosay/ Muharram riots.

SOOKDEO, Sandra: Trinidad & Tobago
Indian Dance for the Caribbean. Foreword by Dr Kenneth Vidia Parmesad .1994. Chakra. 150 pp. ISBN 976-8104-68-8
This book explores the origin of dance and traces its movement and development in the Caribbean during indentureship (1845-1917). The relevance of the dance form in a Caribbean setting is discussed as well as a step-by-step approach.

SUKHDEO, Gokarran: Guyana, poet, novelist; winner of the Guyana Prize for Literature
- The Silver Lining. 1998. New York
- Poems of Love and Liberty. 1998

TENNASSEE, Paul: Guyana/America
- Guyana: A Nation in Ruins. GRRS, Toronto. 1982. 101pp.
- Caribbean Workers Struggle for Real democracy. FLACPO, Guarenas, Venezuela. 1987. Co-authored. 180pp.
- Guyana: A Nation-State too Young to Die. CARISFORM, Curacao, NA. 1987. 62pp.
- Caribbean Integration & The Labour Movement, Part I & Part II. CARISFORM, Curacao, NA. Co-authored. 1988. 140pp.
- Guyana: A Case for Free & Fair Elections. CARICARE Meeting. ISDG, Trinidad. 1989 (Booklet 24pp)
- The DLM: Origin-Diagnosis-Ideology-Objective-Structure-Programme. DLM Publications. Guyana. 1989 (Booklet 35pp)
- DLM and the Guyana of Tomorrow: Free & Fair Elections Now: Towards a New Guyana. ISDG, Trinidad. 1990 (Booklet 36pp)
- State Capitalism and Ideological Opportunism. Bauxite & Sugar Workers Struggle (1970-1980). CARISFORM, Curacao, NA. 1989. 110pp.
- Europe and its Impact on Caribbean & Latin American Working Class - Part I & Part II. Co-authored. 1992. 200pp.
- Perspectiva sobre la Integracion en el Caribe y America Latina, publicado en el documento sobre 1er Ecuentro Latino Americano de .Trabajadores, Republica Dominicana. Noviembre 1992. (Co-authored, booklet 50pp)

THAKUR, P.S.: Guyana/America
Guyana: Political and Social Satire. Cowhood, Inc., Canada. 1987

A New System of Slavery: The Export of Indian Labor Overseas 1838-1920. London: Oxford Press, 1974
Separate and unequal: India and the Indians in the British Commomwealth, 1920-1950. London: C. Hurst, 1976.

TIWARI, Bri. Maya: Guyana/America
The Path of Practice: A Woman's Book of Healing with Food, Breath and Sound. Ballantine, 2000.

Hindu Trinidad. London, 1992.

VIDYAHANAND, George: Guyana, poet since in the seventies.

WOOD, D.: England
Trinidad in Transition. The Years after Slavery. Oxford. 1968.

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